Gum Disease Associated with Risk of Premature Birth

27 Apr 2012

2eb7c6c8ec9c41821d90f5edcadd7771_imagesThe study, published online the first time in BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology at the 1st of September 2010 was found a strong correlation between successful treatment of periodontal (gum) with the possibility of the birth of the baby ahead of time that should atauprematur.

The research was conducted on 322 pregnant women who all have gum disease. They were divided into two groups. The first group was given care gum, yaituscaling and root planing plus oral hygiene instruction. While the other group given only oral hygiene care instructions to improve the health of the oral cavity.

It turned out that the incidence of preterm birth in the two groups was not significant, ie 52.4% in women who do not get treatment, and 45.6% in women who receive care.

Researchers then tried to see the successful treatment of gum that has been done. The women were examined again after 20 weeks post initial treatment, and care was approved in case of reduction of inflammation and the unsteadiness of the teeth.

And it turns out, of 162 women given gusisecara care professionals found that of 49 women who otherwise acquire the successful treatment of gum only 4 people who experience preterm births (8%). Meanwhile, treatment of 111 women who had not obtained 69 people (62%) had a premature baby’s condition. And shows that this difference is significant.

Marjorie Jeffcoat, Professor of Periodontology at the University of Pennsylvania who is also at the same time as the leader of this study said they were very satisfied with the results of their research.

First because this study has shown that pregnant women can safely receive care gum to improve their oral health. The second is that in fact the success of periodontal treatment as an adjunct treatment for pregnant women could reduce preterm insidensikelahiran.

Henceforth, Jeffcoat said that they would try to look at the role of antibacterial mouthwash is usually used to help improve oral health in reducing the incidence of preterm birth.

Editor in chief of BJOG, Professor Philip Steer, said that previous researchers have suggested that severe gum infection will increase the production of tumor necrosis factor prostagaldin and in the body, a chemical associated with preterm birth.

And of course, there are other factors that cause preterm birth should also be considered. Include smoking, excessive alcohol consumption, and obesity.


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